2D C++ OpenGL/GLFW Basecode

I’m teaching some games programming stuff this year, and we’d started off using SDL, but the students are having a hard time with it – the main problems being:
– It’s bulky,
– It demands control of the mainline and then bloats it,
– The documentation is okay, but significantly less than stellar.

This isn’t to say that I have much against SDL – it does a lot of good things, but I’m concerned it’s providing too much specific functionality, which I don’t want to rely on and be tied to when (not if) things change in the future. So with this in mind, I’ve spent the evening reading about OpenGL frameworks and have decided to take the class in a new direction – namely GLFW, the cross-platform OpenGL framework.

We’re mainly going to be working in 2D, so I’ve put together some OpenGL/GLFW basecode that initialises a window, sets orthogonal projection (i.e. things further away don’t get any smaller) and just draws a line from the top-left to the bottom-right (so is easy to strip out when you want to adapt it to your own purposes) – and the entire thing is only around 100 lines of code! (and that’s with stacks of whitespace). The equivalent in SDL is closer to 350 lines and is significantly more complex/complex-looking.

Check it out…

How streamlined is that?!? Sweeeeeeet!

Next task – do stuff with it! =D

P.S. If you wanted to add GLEW to it to take care of all your extension wrangling needs, then just add the glew.h header before glfw.h, include the glew library in your project and add the following to the top of the initGL function:

Cheers!

Update: Modified initGL() function to disable the depth testing correctly via glDisable(GL_DEPTH_TEST) and not glDisable(GL_DEPTH) – silly mistake.

How To: Create a Simple Fireworks Effect in OpenGL and SDL

I’m teaching the programming stream for Diploma in I.T. – Multimedia at the moment, so we’re going to be making some simple games and things over the next couple of months, but to start them off we’re doing a little bit of work on particle effects because they’re simple and fun – you just write a single class which describes the properties and behavior of your particle, and then scale it up by adding a large number of particles to get some pretty nice effects.

So instead of doing a particle fountain, I thought some fireworks might be kinda neat… Take a swiz at the video below and see what you think!

Full C++ source-code available after the break for those of a curious nature =D

Continue reading How To: Create a Simple Fireworks Effect in OpenGL and SDL

How To: Draw Motion-Blur/Trails using the Accumulation Buffer in OpenGL

I read that this is the slow/old-school/borderline-retarded way of going about adding motion blur to your scenes, but I haven’t started learning GLSL yet, so for the time being at least, this works :D

OpenGL Accumulation Buffer Motion-Blur/Trails

The trick is that you have to perform the following actions in this specific order in your drawing function for it to work:

  1. Clear the colour buffer (i.e. the screen) and the depth buffer (really, the colour buffer doesn’t need to be cleared because we’re over-writing it later, but the depth buffer definitely does!).
  2. Copy the accumulation buffer over the top of the colour buffer. (i.e. the contents of the colour buffer gets overwritten with the contents of the accumulation buffer).
  3. Clear the accumulation buffer.
  4. Draw your geometry.
  5. Copy the colour buffer onto the accumulation buffer. (i.e. the contents of the accumulation buffer gets overwritten with the contents of the colour buffer).

The relevant section of code from my drawScene() function is:

Note: See that </star> tag at the end of the above code snippet? That doesn’t exist. It’s an artifact produced by WordPress in combination with the WP-Syntax plugin and is somehow related (I think) to escaping HTML entities and auto-completion of mismatching XHTML. Don’t believe me? Click the title of the post or the read more link below and find the same section of code in the full listing – for some reason it doesn’t appear there… Odd, huh?

Update: Uploaded a screen capture of the program running to YouTube so you can see it in action without having to compile it yourself:

Full source-code available after the jump for those interested…

Continue reading How To: Draw Motion-Blur/Trails using the Accumulation Buffer in OpenGL

OpenGL: Chequered Tunnel

Did a bit of coding a little while back, just to use some stuff I’d been reading in my OpenGL books – so, I made a tunnel out of triangles which looks like this…

tunnel

It comes towards you, the vanishing point pulses and the colours change etc. Also, it’s documented to the hilt, so you too can create simplistic, uninspiring graphical knick-knacks!

Let there be light!

Linux binary + src and makefile for Tunnel prog